An estimated 100, 000 people in Germany live with an artificial intestinal outlet (stoma or anus praeter). If a stoma is required, those affected must adapt to a completely new situation. Questions about the daily handling of the artificial exit come up. Especially the diet plays a big role.
No stoma diet
How the time passes after the operation is quite different - depending on age and individual response, condition and type of intervention. Of great importance are the underlying disease and the intestinal tract in which the artificial exit is located. After the decay of the acute healing phase is basically: There is no special stoma diet! People with an artificial outcome should take a varied, wholesome mixed diet as well as healthy people. These include a lot of fruits and vegetables, whole grain cereal products, low fat dairy, low fat meat and fish.
Intolerances can be individually very different, therefore, each ostomate must find out by observation for themselves. Help can lead to a nutrition and complaint protocol. Also note the following tips:
- Eat several small meals throughout the day instead of three large ones - five to six smaller portions have proven effective.
- Eat slowly and chew well.
- Drink enough - 1.5 to 2 liters of fluid per day.
Nutrition tips in colon exit
If the artificial exit is located in the back of the colon, there are usually few restrictions on digestion. Since the majority of all substances in the diet is already absorbed in the small intestine, no important nutrients are lost. Initially, the stool may still be fluid or soft, but after a short time, the bowel movement usually normalizes.
Sometimes it gets too tight and it gets constipated. Bloating and the development of odors can be annoying. While these are not health problems, they are perceived by those affected as being very uncomfortable with their fellow human beings. Some foods are considered to have special effects in this regard, but probably every person reacts differently.
Therefore, it's best to test it yourself. Here are some tips:
- Bloating foods: fresh fruits and vegetables, especially cabbage, peas, beans, mushrooms, leeks, garlic, milk, carbonated drinks.
- Odorous foods: onions, garlic, meat, eggs, asparagus.
- Stuffing food: white bread, potatoes, dry cheese, celery, chocolate, raisins, red wine.
- Laxative foods: fresh fruits and vegetables, beer, coffee.